Bharat 6G Vision – All you need to know about

Bharat 6G Vision

India has just started seeing the implementation of 5G infrastructure across the country. Jio and Airtel are expanding their list of 5G speeds rapidly. Vi and BSNL are yet to launch their 5G. However, in an interesting development, there is already a buzz about the country’s next mission – the Bharat 6G mission. The Indian government has just announced its Bharat 6G mission with all the details about the roadmap. The Department of Telecom (DOT) has released a circular named “Bharat 6G Vision Statement” which talks about the development, use-cases, spectrum and related insights in detail. However I have summarized the important points discussed in the document. 

What is the Bharat 6G Mission?

India’s Bharat 6G mission represents the nation’s bold undertaking to construct its forthcoming wireless technology framework. This forms part of the government’s endeavors to position the country as a world leader in technological advancements. The mission aims to cultivate a 6G network that exceeds the current 5G technology in speed, efficiency, and security.

The realization of the Bharat 6G mission necessitates a significant capital investment in research and development. The government has appropriated an impressive sum of INR 224 crores for the technology’s advancement. The Department of Telecommunications has also instituted a top-level committee to monitor the mission’s execution.

Despite being in the nascent stages of development, the Bharat 6G mission is poised to create a substantial impact on India’s telecommunications sector and the country’s comprehensive economic growth. The mission will likewise unlock novel avenues for research and development in the country, leading to the establishment of fresh job opportunities.

Bharat 6G Vision
Source: DoT

Why is planning about 6G necessary now? 

Mobile networks in India have undergone a significant transformation in recent times with the advent of 4G networks. Despite this, the country is still lagging behind many other nations in terms of the velocity and dependability of its mobile networks. The Speedtest Global Index states that India ranked 131st in the world for mobile internet speeds as of December 2021, with a mean download speed of 18.71 Mbps and a mean upload speed of 6.99 Mbps. As opposed to India’s existing networks, countries such as South Korea and Taiwan have already introduced 5G networks with rates that are several times quicker.

The escalating expansion of mobile data consumption in the nation and the ever-rising demand for a quicker and more reliable internet connection necessitate an enhanced mobile network that can meet these demands. This is where the Bharat 6G Mission comes into action.

Objectives of the Bharat 6G Mission
Source: DoT

Objectives of the Bharat 6G Mission

The Bharat 6G Mission has set out to fabricate an indigenous 6G technology that is custom-built for India’s exceptional necessities and quandaries. The main objective of the mission is to position India as a key global provider of cost-effective 6G telecom solutions, products, and intellectual property. To achieve this, the mission seeks to identify priority research areas for 6G technology based on India’s competitive advantages. Consequently, India would surpass present mobile network technologies and establish itself as a global tech powerhouse. 

The mission aims to achieve this purpose by undertaking a variety of initiatives, including developing pioneering technologies and building a robust ecosystem that endorses originality and entrepreneurialism. One of the primary objectives of the mission is to create advanced technologies such as terahertz communication, AI-based network management, and quantum communication that could immensely augment the velocity, dependability, and security of mobile networks.

If the Bharat 6G Mission triumphs, it could provide considerable benefits to the country. A more accelerated, reliable, and secure mobile network could facilitate the rapid digitization of various sectors of the economy, ranging from healthcare and education to manufacturing and agriculture. Additionally, the mission could open up new avenues for Indian entrepreneurs and innovators to create and market novel technologies, thus stimulating the country’s economic expansion and increasing its competitiveness in the global market.

Key Features of 6G Technology
Source: DoT

Key Features of 6G Technology

6G technology, as compared to its predecessor, 5G, is anticipated to bring about monumental advancements in mobile communication. It is expected to provide greater reliability, lower latency, higher bandwidth, and faster data transmission rates. Moreover, 6G technology is expected to make possible novel applications and use cases that were not feasible with the previous generation networks, such as holographic communication and seamless virtual reality experiences.

The 6G technology is expected to incorporate several features, including the utilization of terahertz frequency bands, the amalgamation of artificial intelligence and machine learning, the formulation of new modulation and coding schemes, and the adoption of new antenna technologies. These features are projected to facilitate a range of innovative applications and use cases in various sectors, including education, healthcare, and transportation.

6G Spectrum India
Source: DoT

Challenges and Opportunities

India’s pursuit of a 6G network is no easy feat, for it is fraught with obstacles. Foremost among them is the dearth of infrastructure and resources necessary for developing and deploying such a network. The need for extensive research and development to fashion new technologies and applications that are compatible with 6G networks also poses a major challenge.

Not withstanding the magnitude of these obstacles, they can be surmounted through judicious planning and investment. India possesses an ample supply of technical talent, and the nation has already made considerable strides in establishing and launching 5G networks. By leveraging this groundwork and injecting resources into research and development, India could emerge as a trailblazer in 6G technology, thereby reaping the economic and social rewards that come with it.

If India manages to erect a successful 6G network, it could potentially yield novel employment opportunities, newfangled technologies and applications, and an overall economic upsurge. Moreover, it could enhance the quality of life for the Indian populace by facilitating novel applications and services in domains such as healthcare, education, and transportation.

To conclude, the Bharat 6G Mission is an audacious venture with the potential to revolutionize India’s mobile communication network, thereby engendering significant benefits for the country. Through investing in research and development and triumphing over the difficulties associated with deploying a 6G network, India could morph into a worldwide forerunner in mobile communication technology and upgrade the quality of life for its citizens.

6G Rollout - Timeline
Source: DoT

6G Rollout – Timeline and Government Initiatives

The Indian government is taking steps to promote the development of a 6G network in the country. In 2020, the Department of Telecommunications announced the formation of a high-level panel consisting of representatives from academia, industry, and government to develop a roadmap for 6G technology in India. The panel’s objective is to identify key areas for research and development, as well as potential applications for 6G.

The government is also partnering with private sector companies to support the development of 6G technology. For instance, in 2021, the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi announced a collaboration with the National Telecommunications Institute for Policy Research, Innovation and Training (NTIPRIT) to accelerate research and development of 6G and build capacity in the Indian telecom sector.

Regulatory bodies such as the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) will play a crucial role in ensuring the success of the mission. They will need to work closely with the government and private sector companies to develop policies and regulations that support the development of a 6G network. This includes addressing issues related to spectrum allocation, licensing, and standards development, among others. By working together, these entities can help to ensure that India remains at the forefront of technological innovation and development.

Conclusion

The Bharat 6G Mission is an important initiative aimed at improving mobile network connectivity in India, given the increasing demand for high-speed connectivity and technological advancements. The development of 6G technology is expected to have a significant impact on sectors such as healthcare, education, and transportation.

However, the mission faces challenges related to funding, infrastructure, and regulatory frameworks, which can be overcome with proper planning, investment, and collaboration between the government and private sector companies. Successful implementation of the mission can provide opportunities for India’s economy and society.

The government has committed to promoting the development of a 6G network in India through investments and partnerships with private sector companies, while regulatory bodies have a critical role to play in ensuring the mission’s success.

In conclusion, the development of a 6G network is crucial for India’s progress and growth. The Bharat 6G Mission has set ambitious goals, and continued efforts towards achieving these goals can lead to significant advancements for the country’s economy and society.

FAQs

What is the Bharat 6G Mission?

The Bharat 6G Mission is a government-led initiative aimed at developing and implementing a 6G network in India.

Why is it important to develop a 6G network in India?

A 6G network is expected to be much faster, more reliable, and have lower latency than existing networks, which would enable the development and deployment of new technologies and services across various sectors, including healthcare, education, transportation, and more.

How does the Bharat 6G Mission aim to improve mobile networks in India?

The mission aims to leverage advanced technologies, including artificial intelligence, machine learning, and quantum computing, to develop a more efficient and effective 6G network that can meet the demands of India’s growing population and economy.

What are some of the key features of 6G technology?

6G technology is expected to include advancements such as faster data speeds, lower latency, higher bandwidth, improved connectivity, and greater energy efficiency, which could enable a wide range of new applications and services.

What are some of the challenges that India may face in implementing a 6G network?

Challenges could include the need for significant investment in infrastructure and technology, the availability of skilled workers to develop and deploy the network, and potential regulatory hurdles.

What are the opportunities that a successful Bharat 6G Mission could bring to India’s economy and society?

A successful mission could lead to the development and deployment of new technologies and services, including smart cities, autonomous vehicles, telemedicine, and more, which could help improve quality of life, drive economic growth, and create new job opportunities.

When will 6G launch in India?

The implementation of 6g in India will be carried out in two phases: the first phase will be experimental from 2023 to 2025, followed by the second phase from 2025 to 2030.

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